Research

Pluto’s gigantic liquid ocean is rather noxious: study

Pluto’s gigantic liquid ocean is rather noxious: study

Dwarf planet Pluto is one of solar system’s smaller ocean worlds and its liquid water hidden under its icy surface might amount to a sphere up to 780 miles wide or roughly 75 per cent of Earth’s entire liquid water reservoir, a new study suggested.

Pluto is more than 3 billion miles (5 billion kilometers) away from the Sun. thus, is has icy surface, but NASA researchers have concluded that it has vast sources of liquid water under its surface.

News media reporting on global temperatures is faulty: Scientists argue

4A---News media report on global temperatures is faulty: scientists argue

The controversial news media report, which suggested there is no link between recent record-high global temperatures and climate change, has been refuted by scientists.

Debunking the report's conclusion, the scientists argued that it was based on incomplete data about climate change and global warming.

NASA researchers have predicted that 2016 will most probably be the hottest year on record, surpassing the record set in 2015. Scientists were prompt to blame climate change for the problem.

Researchers explore how human brain ‘store’ and ‘hide’ memory

4A---Researchers explore how human brain ‘store’ and ‘hide’ memory

A team of researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison has attempted to explore and reveal how the human brain 'store' and 'hide' memory.

The human brain's working memory allows it to determine what to store and what to set aside. But, scientists have long been struggling to determine how it works. Now, the researchers' new paper titled "Reactivation of latent working memories with transcranial magnetic stimulation," claims to have solved that mystery.

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‘Lucy’ had strong climbing arms: Research

‘Lucy’ had strong climbing arms: researchers discover

A new study has suggested that “Lucy,” a more than 3 million year old human relative at the evolutionary cusp between humans and primates, would climb trees regularly and she spent a lot of time in treetops.

Lucy was able to walk upright on two legs, like moderns humans. But, scientists were previously unable determine whether she climbed trees regularly like nonhuman primates or not.

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Utah has lowest rate of diabetes in United States

Utah has lowest rate of diabetes in United States

A new report has revealed that Utah has lowest rate of diabetes in United States, thanks to the state’s high rate of physical activity and relatively low rate of obesity.

According to the newly released Gallup Healthways report, the rate of diabetes in the state of Utah was 7.4 per cent in 2015, significantly lower than the national estimated rate of 11.4 per cent.

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Pre-human “Lucy” climbed trees: Study

Pre-human “Lucy” climbed trees: study

The pre-human “Lucy” either lived in trees or at least spent a lot of time in trees, a new analysis of the little hominid’s skeleton suggested.

A tem of researchers from that Johns Hopkins University and University of Texas conducted scans of Lucy’s skeleton, a more than three million years old fossil that is also known as AL 288-1. Bone scans showed that Lucy’s upper arms had been thicker and stronger than her thigh bones. The same pattern is found in chimpanzees.

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Australia’s Great Barrier Reef suffers its worst coral die-off

Australia’s Great Barrier Reef suffers its worst coral die-off

The Great Barrier Reef in Australia suffered its worst coral die-off this year as warmer seas killed more than two-thirds of a 700-kilometer (435 miles) stretch of coral within the last nine-month period, researchers announced on Monday.

The Australian Research Council’s Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies said in its latest report that the reef’s northern region, off the coast of Queensland, Australia, suffered a loss of 67 per cent of its shallow-water corals during the last eight to nine months.

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Rift in Pine Island Glacier points to bigger collapse in the future

Rift in Pine Island Glacier points to bigger collapse in the future

Higher ocean temperatures melted Pine Island Glacier from underneath and caused a deep subsurface crack, causing a massive iceberg to splint off one of Antarctica's largest glaciers in 2015, according to a new study by Ohio State University (OSU) researchers.

Led by Ian Howat, an associate professor of Earth sciences at OSU, the researchers discovered that warmer waters caused a 20-mile-long subsurface rift that eventually cleaved off a 225-square-mile iceberg in July last year.

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Coconut crab’s pinching force is equal to bite force of adult lion: research

Coconut crab’s pinching force is equal to bite force of adult lion: research

The pinching force of an adult coconut crab is almost equal to the deadly bite force of an adult lion, according to a study published in the journal PLOS ONE.

The so-called coconut crabs (Birgus latro), which inhabit islands in the Indian and southern Pacific oceans can grow up to 9 pounds in weight, with a leg-span of 3 feet. These large crabs can easily crack open the hard shells of coconuts.

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Nature can incorporate silicon into building blocks of life: study

4A---Nature can incorporate silicon into building blocks of life: study

A new study has suggested that nature can incorporate silicon into the building blocks of life, which can potentially make it feasible for life to form from silicon and not from carbon as humans did.

A team of researchers led by Jennifer Kan of the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) used a bacterium to produce a silicon-carbon bond naturally. Previously, it was only done synthetically.

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