Research

Researchers propose radical overhaul of dinosaur family tree

Researchers proposes radical overhaul of dinosaurs’ family tree

Proposing a radical overhaul of the dinosaurs’ family tree, a team of researchers said that the meat-eating group of the extinct creatures that includes Tyrannosaurus rex shouldn’t be placed with the long-necked, four-legged plant-eaters like Brontosaurus.

The newly-proposed dinosaur family tree includes two reformulated categories (clades) of the extinct creatures to replace the two that have been recognized since 1888.

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Researchers discover tardigrades’ superpowers identified in their DNA

Researchers discover tardigrades’ superpowers identified in their DNA

Microscopic tardigrades, which are also known as “water bears,” have intrigued scientists for centuries due to their ability to survive in really extreme conditions. Now, a team of researchers claimed to have the discovered the special proteins in their DNA that give the microscopic creatures their superpowers.

Tardigrades are merely 0.002 to 0.05 inches or 0.05 to 1.2 millimeters in length. Thus, these creatures can’t be seen with the naked eye. But, they have rotund heads and four pairs of chubby legs tipped with grasping claws.

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Researchers discover never-seen-before patterns in humpbacks’ behavior

Researchers discover never-seen-before patterns in humpbacks’ behavior

After observing the behavior of humpback whales for years, a team of marine biologists has discovered some never-seen-before patterns in their activities.

The research team studied humpback whales in a creek system on B.C.’s North Coast from 2005 to 2014, and found a “wave” pattern in their behavior. They discovered that humpback whales in the Kitimat creek system move in the wave pattern from the outer channels into the creeks in the fall.

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Researchers discover mysterious ‘wave pattern’ among humpback whales

Researchers discover mysterious ‘wave pattern’ among humpback whales

A years-long study on humpback whales in a creek on B.C.'s North Coast has revealed previously unknown pattern of movement among massive marine creatures.

A team of researchers surveyed the whales in the Kitimat creek system from 2005 to 2014 and found that the marine creatures move in a “wave pattern” from the outer channels in the spring inward into the creeks in the fall.

Lead researcher Janie Wray, of the North Coast Cetacean Society, said that the wave pattern was never recorded in other humpback whales in similar habitats.

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Researchers grow potatoes in simulated Martian conditions

Researchers grow potatoes in simulated Martian conditions

A series of experiments by the International Potato Center (CIP) has revealed that potatoes can grow under atmospheric conditions of Mars, the Red Planet where scientists are trying to establish human colonies.

CIP researchers successfully grew potatoes in simulated Martian conditions. In the second phase of the experiment, which started on Feb. 14 last year, the researchers planted a tuber in an especially designed and constructed CubeSat.

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LHC detector receives major upgrade

LHC detector receives major upgrade

A major upgrade in one of the Large Hadron Collider’s detectors combined with a recent boost in its power promises to make the atom-smasher even better at solving the sub-atomic mysteries of the universe.

The LHC, which is situated at the Switzerland-France, has been smashing atoms with one another for nearly a decade.

Engineers working at the LHC have recently swapped so-called “pixel tracker” in the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS), which is a major experiment along the collider’s oval.

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Strong Solar Storms Remove Electrons From Earth's Atmosphere: Research

Solar storms destroy electrons from Earth’s atmosphere

Various studies have suggested that Sun’s eruptions fire electrically charged particles in the direction of Earth, which creates solar storms that may hurt communication and navigation systems. Now, a team of researchers from NASA, University of Illinois, DTU Space, university of Brunswick have found that heavy clouds of charged particles are sent to our planet’s atmosphere, nearly 80 kilometers above the planet. This event occurs because of magnetic fields that occur because of eruptions on the surface of the Sun.

Neanderthals inhabited China before arrival of modern humans: Study

The Neanderthals inhabited China before arrival of modern humans: study

A fresh analysis of two skulls found in central China back in 2007 and 2014 has shed light on the ancient humans who inhabited the region before the arrival of modern humans.

While the Neanderthals’ existence in Europe and western Asia before the arrival of Homo sapiens has long been known to scientists, knowledge of equivalent populations of the Neanderthals in East and Central Asia has been scarce.

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Indigenous people had intense impact on Amazon rainforests: Study

Indigenous people had intense impact on Amazon rainforests: Study

Amazon’s ancient indigenous people had a far more intense impact on the composition of the vast local rainforests than formerly known, a new study has suggested.

The new research suggested that several tree species in the Amazon region are abundant because they were cultivated by indigenous people who populated the region before Europeans’ arrival more than 500 years ago.

These tree species include the Brazil nut, acai palm, cacao, caimito and tucuma palm, rubber and cashew.

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Healthy heart in midlife lowers dementia risk later: Research

Healthy heart in midlife lowers dementia risk later: researchers say

Those who keep their heart healthy in midlife may have lower risk of dementia later in life, a study involving more than 15,000 American adults suggested.

Researchers analyzed information from thousands of adults in the age group of 45 to 64 years, and followed them for a period of 25 years. During the study period, nearly 1,500 participants developed the devastating disease of dementia.

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