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MIT Researchers Observes the Oldest Galaxy in the Universe

MIT Researchers Observes the Oldest Galaxy in the Universe

Astronomers working with the Large Millimeter Telescope (LMT) have observed the second most distant star-forming galaxy in the Universe. Astronomers from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst claim that the most distant galaxy could have been born during the first one billion years after the Big Bang. The galaxy was first detected by astronomers working with the Herschel space telescope. However, the Herschel space telescope was only capable of generating blurry images with little details. Using LMT, astronomers from UMass Amherst have evaluated many factors about the distant galaxy.

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MIT researchers develop wireless device to measure walking speeds

MIT researchers develop wireless device to measure walking speeds

A team of researchers at MIT’s Computer Science & Artificial Intelligence Lab claimed to have developed a device capable of measuring the walking speeds with unprecedented accuracy, without requiring the individual to wear an on-body measurement device.

The new device, dubbed WiGait, can measure the walking speeds of people with an accuracy of 95 to 99 per cent using wireless signals.

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Harvard, MIT professors win Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences

Harvard, MIT professors win Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences

Professor Oliver Hart of Harvard and Professor Bengt Holmström of MIT were on Monday bestowed with the 2016 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for their research on contract theory.

The so-called contract theory suggests how individuals or entities can efficiently enter into deals or agreements. Hart and Holmström’s contributions have shaped the thinking in various fields, including law, economics and political science, suggesting how scholars think about relationships between employers and employees and between governors and the governed.

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MIT researchers create hologram with sound

MIT researchers create hologram with sound

Scientists at the Max Planck Institute in Germany have created a hologram with sound. They have used small silicone beads and assembled them into patterns on the surface of water and held on the shape till the time sound persisted and the result was acoustic holograms.

Researcher Peer Fischer from Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems in Stuttgart, Germany shared that the new acoustic holograms are plastic blocks having complex structures created using 3D printers. The 3D structures are formed by the printers by placing layers of material on surface.

Quantum Computing: MIT researchers develop prototype chip that traps ions in electric field

Quantum Computing: MIT researchers develop prototype chip that traps ions in electric field

Researchers from MIT and MIT Lincoln Laboratory have taken a step towards practical quantum computers. They have developed a prototype chip that can trap ions in an electric field along with built-in optics.

One of the study researchers Rajeev Ram, a NIT Professor of electrical engineering, said that they aim to take external laboratory and miniaturize technology on a chip. Study researchers have designed and built a set of on-chip optical components that can channel laser light towards individual ions.

MIT researchers develop new technique that allows you to reach in and touch objects in videos

MIT researchers develop new technique that allows you to reach in and touch objects in videos

Researchers from MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) have developed an imaging technology called Interactive Dynamic Video (IDV) that allows you to reach in, push, pull, and poke and prod objects in videos.

The technology works with the use of traditional cameras and algorithms. Using these mediums, IDV looks at the almost invisible vibrations of an object to come up with video simulations that can be used by users to virtually interact with.

Antarctic ozone hole in quick healing mode: Research

Antarctica ozone hole in quick healing mode: Research

A team of researchers in its paper published in the journal Science has unveiled that the Antarctic ozone hole has started to heal. It is indeed good news as around a 30 year old environmental problem is getting solved.

Study’s lead researcher Susan Solomon, MIT atmospheric scientist, said that firstly, the problem was quite worse and then it started to become stabilized and finally, the ‘ozone hole’ is healing. Solomon mentioned that the earth’s ozone layer is recovering owing to the choices and polices being made by us.

Researchers develop Technology to Allow LIGO Detectors to observe Weaker Gravitational Waves

Researchers develop Technology to Allow LIGO Detectors to observe Weaker Gravitational Waves

Researchers at the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) have detected gravitational waves two times until now, but they are planning to explore deeper in the space. A team of researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Australian National University claimed it has invented a technology that may help the LIGO in the mission.

Scientists create new algorithm that may allow astronomers to generate first full image of black hole

Scientists create new algorithm that may allow astronomers to generate first full image of black hole

Direct observation of a black hole is almost impossible due to the presence of a gravitational pull so huge that not even light can leave the region.

Scientists have now come up with a new algorithm that could allow astronomers produce the first full picture of a black hole. With the help of data collected using a connected array of radio telescopes worldwide, the algorithm efficiently changes our planet into a gigantic radio telescope having a resolution factor over a thousand times higher in comparison to that of the Hubble Space Telescope.

MIT researchers develop solar cell having ability to break Shockley-Queisser limit

MIT researchers develop solar cell having ability to break Shockley-Queisser limit

A team of MIT researchers has developed an experimental solar cell that significantly increases the amount of power generated by a given area of panels, along with reducing the amount of waste heat. The researchers said that they could break the Shockley-Queisser limit.

This limit is the theoretically maximum efficiency of a solar cell and is somewhere around 32% for the most common silicon-based one. The research paper published in the journal Nature Energy has unveiled that using solar thermophotovoltaics, you can increase the limit.

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