Plants

Nautilus team starts assessing strange purple ball found by it off California Coast

Nautilus team starts assessing strange purple ball found by it off California Coast

This week, Ocean Exploration Trust's vessel, Nautilus, has spotted a strange purple blob in the Pacific Ocean off California’s southern coast. For now, it has not been confirmed what exactly it is. It could be an earlier unknown type of egg sac or a new species.

Last universal common ancestor evolved in hydrothermal environment: Study

Last universal common ancestor evolved in hydrothermal environment: Study

Many scientists believe that all life-forms have evolved from a common, primitive ancestor, possibly a micro organism. A new study has shed light on this early organism and the environment in which it could have evolved.

The research paper published in Nature Microbiology has unveiled that the ‘last universal common ancestor’ is a hypothetical, very early single cell from which all life on earth could have started. DNA sequencing has provided a highly quantitative measure of genetic relatedness.

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New fungus found in lichen: Study

New fungus found in lichen: Study

Lichens have always held a special place in biology. They are composite organisms comprising of a fungi that live in partnership with microscopic algae. Now, a new genetic analysis of lichen has unveiled of the presence of a third symbiotic organism.

It is another fungus, basidiomycete yeast, which has been found in 52 genera of lichen in six continents. From the molecular dating, it has been found that the fungus is present since the beginning. Study’s lead researcher Toby Spribille has been studying lichens for quite a long time now.

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Human activities have severely impacted global biodiversity: Study

Human activities have severely impacted global biodiversity: Study

A new study carried out to know the level of biodiversity on earth has found that around 58% of land on the planet has dropped below the biodiversity limits. The drop is mainly due to human land use practices and population growth which needs additional land.

Biodiversity as per study’s lead researcher Tim Newbold from the Centre for Biodiversity and Environment Research at University College London does not only impacts ecology, but also leads to changes in food production and personal well being.

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Benthic Underwater Microscope can study marine subjects at micron resolution

Benthic Underwater Microscope can study marine subjects at micron resolution

This new diver-operated underwater microscope is helping researchers to view never-before-seen events of the underwater world. It is the brainchild of the researchers from Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego.

Using this microscopic imaging system known as the Benthic Underwater Microscope (BUM) the researchers were able to see the processes that naturally take place on the seafloor, especially corals. The researchers have witnessed coral turf war, coral polyp kissing and many other exciting things.

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New devilish orchid included in IUCN’s critically endangered species list

New devilish orchid included in IUCN’s critically endangered species list

Orchids are known for their beauty, but researchers have recently discovered a new orchid species that resembles devil’s head. In fact, its heart revealed the demonic patterns. The flower has been enlisted as a Critically Endangered species in the International Union for Conservation (IUCN) Red List.

The flowers of the new orchid species are not like normally seen orchids. Noticing the new species’ demonic patterns, the flower has been named as Telipogon diabolicus. The species was found on the border between Putumayo and Nariño departments in southern Colombia.

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Norway announces complete ban on deforestation

Norway announces complete ban on deforestation

A complete ban on deforestation has been announced by Norway. With the new ruling on complete deforestation ban, Norway has become the first nation to commit to a zero deforestation policy.

Assessment of day-night cycle of trees unveils they sleep at night

Assessment of day-night cycle of trees unveils they sleep at night

Trees also sleep at night, unveils a new study conducted by researchers from Austria, Finland and Hungary. The scientists have used an infrared laser scanner to know the day-night cycle of trees. Using the scanner, the researchers shared that like all living organisms adapt their behavior to the circadian rhythm tied to day and night, plants are no exception.

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First Global assessment of World’s Flora unveils 21% of plants facing Extinction Risk

First global assessment of the world’s flora has lot many revelations to make. A report titled State of the World’s Plant Report by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, has estimated that there are 390,900 plants known to science. In 2015, as many as 2,034 new plant species were discovered.  Twenty-one percent of plants are at risk of extinction. Threats being faced by plants include climate change, habitat loss, disease and invasive species. Pests and diseases have also been labeled as a major problem.  Scienti

First global assessment of the world’s flora has lot many revelations to make. A report titled State of the World’s Plant Report by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, has estimated that there are 390,900 plants known to science. In 2015, as many as 2,034 new plant species were discovered.

Twenty-one percent of plants are at risk of extinction. Threats being faced by plants include climate change, habitat loss, disease and invasive species. Pests and diseases have also been labeled as a major problem.

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USDA will not regulate CRISPR/Cas9-edited White Button Mushroom

USDA will not regulate CRISPR/Cas9-edited White Button Mushroom

Using a popular gene editing tool called CRISPR/Cas9, researcher Yinong Yang from Penn State University has deleted a small piece of DNA from a particular gene in a white button mushroom. The step disabled the gene that in turn lessened the mushroom’s productivity of an enzyme called polyphenol oxidase, which stops the mushroom from turning brown.

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