Physics

MIT Researchers Harness Power from Natural Motions

MIT Researchers Harness Power from Natural Motions

The biomedical, mechanical and environmental monitoring devices will be literally able to receive unlimited power supply if the energy from small but natural motions and activities can be harnessed. In a revolutionary study, the MIT researchers have discovered a new electrochemical technology that can be used to harness the power from an extensive spectrum of normal motions and activities.

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Researchers engineer changes to CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing system to reduce editing errors

Researchers engineer changes to CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing system to reduce editing errors

The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard and the McGovern Institute for Brain Research at MIT researchers have designed and built alterations to the revolutionary CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing system that notably cut down on ‘off-target’ editing errors. The refined technique deals with one of the key technical problems in the use of genome editing.

The CRISPR-Cas9 system functions by bringing an accurately targeted alteration in the DNA of a cell. The protein Cas9 changes the DNA at an area that is specified by a small RNA, with sequence matching the one of the target site.

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US researchers set a new quantum record

US researchers set a new quantum record

The US researchers have made a new quantum record, using photons for carrying messages between two electrons at the distance of about 2 km from each other. This is not at all a small accomplishment as the breakthrough has brought all a step nearer to finding out how quantum entangled particles can be send over long distances.

This is something that is needed to be achieved for setting up an unhackable quantum communication network, in which governments and banks are highly interested in.

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Albert Einstein’s Theory of Relativity Turns 100

Albert Einstein’s Theory of Relativity Turns 100

In 1915, genius physicist Albert Einstein introduced general relativity, also known as the general theory of relativity, which changed the world. The theory that explains the universe helped the German-born theoretical physicist in cementing his position at the top of scientific minds.

Two Scientists Won Nobel Prize in Physics for Showing Neutrino Flavor Change

Two Scientists Won Nobel Prize in Physics for Showing Neutrino Flavor Change

Takaaki Kajita and Arthur B. McDonald have been awarded Nobel Prize in physics for showing that neutrinos have mass. Till now, it was believed that neutrinos are massless because of their small size carrying no charge and no mass. Neutrinos, also called as 'ghost particles', are small subatomic particles that travels through speed of light and passes through almost anything.

Researchers hear noises of quantum effects using quietest gas

Researchers hear noises of quantum effects using quietest gas

According to reports, scientists cooled the temperature of the gas to the lowest state ever achieved. This achievement could help them notice slight quantum effects in "noisier" gases. According to the University of California, Berkeley, this temperature of a billionth of a degree higher than absolute zero is two times as high as the lowest entropy ever measured, however a very low temperature doesn't necessarily indicate the least noisy.

University of York researchers discover morpheme gene in poppies

University of York researchers discover morpheme gene in poppies

A team of scientist form the University of York and pharmaceutics giant GlaxoSmithKline Australia have discovered a morpheme gene in poppies.

It may be noted here that morpheme is the most important ingredient in many prescription drugs for curing both chronic and acute pain. It can be administered orally or injected into the blood.

Students to visit CERN to learn about formation of universe

Students to visit CERN to learn about formation of universe

A group of students is travelling to Switzerland to know more about how the universe was formed. The students from Mexborough School will go to Switzerland to visit CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research. At CERN they will learn more about the Large Hadron Collider (LHC).

Large Hadron Collider restarts after two years of downtime with increased capabilities

Large Hadron Collider restarts after two years of downtime with increased capabilities

CERN scientists restarted the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) on April 5 after being shut down for two years. The power of the collider has doubled from what it was before going under repair, thereby significantly increasing the odds of understanding the dark universe which is believed to lie beyond the visible one.

As the collider restarted, protons started to circle the machine's 27km tunnel for the first time since 2013. Particle beams were travelling in both directions inside parallel pipes. The travelling speed of the particles was close to the speed of light.

Scientists test Frustrated Magnets for Hall Effect

Scientists test Frustrated Magnets for Hall Effect

Frustrated magnets were recently tested by researchers to figure out if they exhibit a behavior called the Hall Effect. The magnets are named so because they are believed to be magnetic at lower temperature, but they aren't.

Applying a magnetic field to an electric current flowing in a conductor such as a copper ribbon causes deflection in the current to one side of the ribbon. E. H. Hall was the first to observe this deflection in 1879. The effect is today brought into use in sensors for devices like computer printers and automobile anti-lock braking systems.

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