Paleontology

Oldest Fossils of Pine Tree discovered at Bailey Quarry

Oldest Fossils of Pine Tree discovered at Bailey Quarry

A sample of new fossil has been found at Bailey Quarry outside Windsor. Researchers have stated that it resembles to pine tree, which are found mostly in Northern Hemisphere forests these days. The fossil was discovered in the quarry in Mantua by Dr. Howard Falcon-Lang, of Royal Holloway, University of London.

Global environment change drove ichthyosaur to extinction

Global environment change drove ichthyosaur to extinction

Ichthyosaurs, an iconic group of marine predators from the dinosaur era, mysteriously met their demise before the mass extinction took place. Now, a study has unveiled as to what could have been the factors behind their end. The study team has blamed climate change and lack of diversity among ichthyosaurs to be the reasons.

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World’s Oldest Fungi existed even before Plant and Animal Life

World’s Oldest Fungi existed even before Plant and Animal Life

Researchers have discovered fossils of terrestrial fungi that may have played an important role in supporting early ecosystem at the time when our world was much different what we see today. The study on life of Tortotubus protuberans fungi, the world’s oldest terrestrial fossils, was published in the Botanical Journal of the Linnaean Society on Wednesday.

The oldest fossils came from North Africa, they date back to 445 million years, while most recent are about 385 million years old. The second oldest fossil is 5 million years younger than Tortotubus.

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Bite Style of Prehistoric Sea Bear and a Saber-Toothed Cat Resemble

Bite Style of Prehistoric Sea Bear and a Saber-Toothed Cat Resemble

American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) researchers were surprised when they analyzed Smilodon, a saber-toothed cat during a study on feeding among clam-eating marine carnivores. However, from their recent findings the elusive cat had a jaw structure resembling that of a marine bear, which existed 20 million years ago. Both species were meat-eaters.

Fossil Discovered from China reveals Shrimp-like Creature’s Nervous System

Fossil Discovered from China reveals Shrimp-like Creature’s Nervous System

The fossil of a shrimp-like animal that thrived on our planet 520 million years ago has given researchers an opportunity to understand ancient nervous system. The remains unearthed from southern China are so well preserved that individual nerves are still visible.

A study team reported that it is one of the best preserved nervous systems ever discovered. It has been estimated that the ancient nervous system could reveal several things about animals’ evolution.

Botanist at Rutgers University discovers new plant species trapped in amber

Botanist at Rutgers University discovers new plant species trapped in amber

Rutgers University botanist Lena Struwe claims to have found a new plant species locked in ancient amber. The delicate flowers are believed to have fallen to the floor of a muggy and tropical forest more than 15 million years ago.

Instead of getting withered away, the flowers were trapped in sticky globs of tree resin and toughened into amber with time. These were then carried to what is now a Caribbean mountain range.

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Ants have been socializing for much longer period than previously estimated

Ants have been socializing and warring

Certain insects, including bees, ants and termites, are considered to be perfect examples of species having a clearly organized society. These insects are known for advanced social behavior and working as an army. It was earlier thought that these insects adopted their roles as early as 50 million years, but a new research has found that it was much more before than that.

Scientist Discovers Inability to Chew Hard Food in South African Ancestral Species

Scientist Discovers Inability to Chew Hard Food in South African Ancestral Species

A study published in the journal Nature states that human ancestor, Australopithecus sediba, couldn’t eat hard food stuff as they possessed undeveloped dental structure. The remains of Australopithecus sediba were found in 2008 in South Africa and are believed to have lived less than 2 million year ago in forest areas.

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Similarities between Rusingoryx and hadrosaurs are great example of convergent evolution

Similarities between Rusingoryx and hadrosaurs are great example of convergent evolution

Science is perpetually full of surprises because researchers have found species from the Ice Age that has a lot common with a group of dinosaurs that used to roam during the Cretaceous period 145 to 66 million years ago.

Rusingoryx atopocranion, an extinct species, shares a feature with a group of hadrosaurs, which is a nasal crest. As per scientists, a Pleistocene antelope having a bony nasal crest akin to some hadrosaur species is a sheer example of convergent evolution.

Early humans ate tortoises as side dish: archeologists discover

Early humans ate tortoises as side dish: archeologists discover

A new archeological discovery at the famous Qesem cave site in Israel revealed that prehistoric cave-dwellers ate tortoises as an appetiser or side dish, the latest edition of the journal Quaternary Science Reviews reported.

A team of researchers discovered tortoise remains in large quantities at the Qesem cave site, which has long been a hotbed for archeological research on ancient humans. The researchers determined that ancient hunter-gatherers used to crack open tortoises and ate them as side dish on top of the large game.

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