Human Evolution

Australopithecus deyiremeda: Recently Discovered Species of Hominin

Australopithecus deyiremeda: Recently Discovered Species of Hominin

Four years back, a lower jaw, jaw fragments and teeth were discovered in the Afar region of northern Ethiopia. The journal Nature-published study stated that the fossils belonged to a species dubbed Australopithecus deyiremeda.

The findings suggest that he was a second human ancestor who lived in around the same area and time as Lucy's species. For now, it is not known how the fossils dated at 3.3m to 3.5m years old is related to our own branch of the family tree.

World’s oldest murder mystery could be as old as 430,000 years

World’s oldest murder mystery could be as old as 430,000 years

According to reports, the 430 000-year-old murder case could be the world's oldest murder mystery. On Wednesday, scientists said that a fossilised skull, which was found deep inside a Spanish cave indicates homicide and two fractures that might have been caused by the same weapon. The skull was discovered at a place thought to be a funerary site down a shaft in the properly bleak-sounding Sima de los Huesos, Spanish for ‘Pit of the Bones’ in the Atapuerca mountains. The skill indicates that Homo sapiens were not responsible for murder.

Our Ancestral Lineage Replenished; Study Reveals Lucy’s Evolutionary Cousin

Our Ancestral Lineage Replenished; Study Reveals Lucy’s Evolutionary Cousin

A paper published in May 28 issue of Nature describes the discovery of another ancestor of the human lineage that survived alongside ‘Lucy’ about 3.4 million years ago, thus giving the first indication that the human family was full of variety long before our own genus developed.

Before humans evolved, researchers had long thought that there was little or no diversity among the hominins. However, this latest research reveals that the species ‘Australopithecus afarensis’ represented by Lucy had a very close evolutionary cousin, a species named ‘Australopithecus deyiremeda’.

Marvin Bolt travels World in Search of oldest Telescopes

Marvin Bolt travels World in Search of oldest Telescopes

Marvin Bolt, an expert on historical telescopes and the science and technology curator at the Corning Museum of Glass, is on a hunt to trace and catalog the oldest telescopes of the world. During the mission, he travelled to Europe, Asia and North America.

According to Bolt, he has visited about 21 nations, including China, Estonia, Vatican and Portugal. His hunt began about ten years ago when a friend of him in Switzerland let Bolt look through a 17th-century telescope on a clear night.

Neanderthals Culture could have been Richer than earlier estimates

Neanderthals Culture could have been Richer than earlier estimates

As per a novel research published in the journal PLOS ONE, jewelry may have been invented by ancient Neanderthals. Researchers from the University of Kansas said that their study may help in changing views about Neanderthals.

It is said that Neanderthals could not do much more than learning basic survival skills. A collection of eagle talons were found in Croatia. They are considered to be around 130,000 years old and bear specific marks and polished areas.

Scientists Discover Primitive Tool in Oregon

Scientists Discover Primitive Tool in Oregon

In Oregon, Archaeologists have discovered a stone tool that has suggested that humans occupied the western US much earlier than thought.

The U.S. Bureau of Land Management, which controls the land on which the site was found, announced this discovery today.

Scientists found the tool 12ft (3.6 meters) below ground under a thick layer of volcanic ash dating back to the eruption of Mount St Helens 15,800 years ago.

They believed that the ancient knife was used for cutting animal hides, butchering meat, and carving wood by pre-Clovis people.

Researchers unearth 2.8-Million-Year-old Jawbone

Researchers unearth 2.8-Million-Year-old Jawbone

According to reports from the Arizona State University, a group of researchers has discovered a 2.8 million-year-old jawbone. The jawbone belongs to mankind's earliest ancestors, and as per the researchers, the discovery has shown that the earliest ancestors of human were born earlier than thought.

The jawbone was found after 13 years digging in the Rift Valley region of Ethiopia. Previously, genus Homo creatures were thought to have evolved about two million years ago, but the new discovery has shown the birth 400,000 years earlier.

Early Humans Developed Kindness and Compassion: Study

Early Humans Developed Kindness and Compassion: Study

A new study has suggested that ancient humans had a sensitive side, as they developed kindness, compassion and a sense of beauty well before the appearance of intelligence.

"Human evolution is usually depicted as driven by intelligence, with empathy and deeper emotions following”, said Penny Spikins, who researches human origins at York University.

Oldest stone tool discovered by scientists in Turkey

Oldest stone tool discovered by scientists in Turkey

The oldest stone tool ever discovered in Turkey suggests that early humans passed through Asia to Europe far earlier than previously thought.

Researchers discovered the stone tool, quartzite flake in ancient deposits of river Gediz, western Turkey. It dates back to approximately 1.2 million years.

DNA can Survive Re-entry from Space

DNA can Survive Re-entry from Space

A surprising and important discovery has been made by Swiss researchers: DNA can survive re-entry from space. The researchers of the University of Zurich applied ring-shaped plasmid DNA to the exterior surface of TEXUS-49 rocket, which blasted off in 2011.

The DNA was planned so that it would confer effects on other cells, for instance making bacterium resistant to antibiotics. The DNA was tested after recovery, with up to 35% retaining full functionality.

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