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Scientists identify new organ in humans
Membranes that twist and turn through the gut in humans’ digestive system has been reclassified and upgraded by scientist to an organ, according to a newly published review.
The structure, which connects the small and large intestines to the abdominal wall and keeps them in place, has been known to scientists for a long time. But, until recently, it was believed to be numerous distinct membranes.
In the review, researchers looked at old and new studies on the structure called “mesentery,” and concluded that the structure is actually a continuous organ.
Lead researcher J. Calvin Coffey, of the University Hospital Limerick in Ireland, said, “In the paper, which has been peer reviewed and assessed, we are now saying we have an organ in the body which hasn’t been acknowledged as such to date.”
However, the researchers could not determine whether the mesentery should be considered as part of humans’ intestinal system or part of vascular, endocrine, cardiovascular or immunological systems.
The review published in the Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology, a widely-acclaimed journal that publishes informative reviews on any topic linked with gastroenterology or hepatology.